There are three types of bladder cancer that begin in cells in the lining of the bladder. These cancers are named for the type of cells that become malignant (cancerous):
Cancer that is confined to the lining of the bladder is called superficial bladder cancer. Cancer that begins in the transitional cells may spread through the lining of the bladder and invade the muscle wall of the bladder or spread to nearby organs and lymph nodes; this is called invasive bladder cancer.
Our bladder cancer doctors understand that you’re facing a lot of decisions as you learn about your diagnosis and the treatment plan that is recommended for you. Whether you’ve already met with an oncologist or you're preparing for your first visit, learn more about bladder cancer to become familiar with terms you may hear as you learn about the treatments available to you.
Bladder cancer treatment may involve using a combination of treatments. Surgery is often used as the primary treatment, either by itself or combined with other methods.
Early-stage tumors can be removed with surgery, but new cancers may form in other parts of the bladder over time. To prevent this, some patients consider removing the entire bladder (radical cystectomy), though this type of surgery can have major side effects. Otherwise, alternative therapies may be used to reduce the chance of new cancers developing.
Learn more about treatment options for you based on your cancer's stage.