Women with cervical cancer have many treatment options. Options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of treatment methods.
The choice of treatment for cervical cancer depends mainly on the size of the tumor and its stage, or whether the cancer has spread. Treatment options may also depend on whether the patient would like to become pregnant someday. Our gynecologic oncologists work with patients collaboratively to develop a treatment plan that meets medical and personal needs.
Surgery is an option for women with Stage I or II cervical cancer. The gynecologic cancer surgeon removes tissue that may contain cancer cells:
With either total or radical hysterectomy, the surgeon may remove other tissues:
Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy) is an option for women with any stage of cervical cancer. Women with early-stage cervical cancer may choose radiation therapy instead of surgery. It also may be used after surgery to destroy any cancer cells that remain in the area. Women with cancer that extends beyond the cervix may have radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. It affects cells only in the treated area.
Doctors use two types of radiation therapy to treat cervical cancer. Some women receive both types:
For the treatment of cervical cancer, chemotherapy is usually combined with radiation therapy. For cancer that has spread to distant organs, chemotherapy alone may be used.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. The drugs for cervical cancer are usually given through a vein (intravenous). You may receive chemotherapy in a clinic, at the doctor’s office, or at home. Some women need to stay in the hospital during treatment.
If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with cervical cancer or another type of gynecologic cancer, make an appointment with one of our oncologists. WVCI has a team of experts conveniently located in Corvallis, Eugene, Florence, and Lincoln City, ready to talk to you about cervical cancer and personalized treatment options. We know it’s important for you to get good information and choose a treatment that’s best for you, so we are here for you every step of the way.